The fortuitous discovery of bifacial hand axes, and Levallois flakes and cores in , led to a major programme of fieldwork and analysis. Geophysical, geoarchaeological, palaeoenvironmental and archaeological datasets have been integrated producing a comprehensive understanding of the seabed and wider Pleistocene palaeogeography. The Early Middle Palaeolithic artefacts, particularly the Levallois elements, indicate Neanderthal activity around , and , years ago apparently constrained to cold, estuarine environment of the now-submerged lower reaches of the Palaeo-Yare Valley. The exploitation of this landscape has left an archaeological record of international significance. An extraordinary series of human and animal remains were recovered from the Late Bronze Age—Middle Iron Age mortuary feature, revealing a wealth of evidence for mortuary rites including exposure, excarnation and curation. The site seems to have been largely abandoned in the later Iron Age and very little Romano-British activity was identified. In the early 6th century a small inhumation cemetery was established.

As Sophie, Countess of Wessex turns 53, look back at her most stylish looks

Share this article Share Earlier in the day, the royal couple visited Hornbill School which serves children of British service personnel. The pair are visiting Brunei to attend celebrations as the Sultan of Brunei becomes the world’s second longest reigning Monarch behind Queen Elizabeth II. The royal, 52, looked in very high spirits as she donned a protective helmet during the visit Sophie and Prince Edward posed for photographs with Gurkha soldiers after watching them perform a demonstration of tracking techniques The royal couple were both kitted out in khaki clothing during the visit to the military base Earlier in the week, they attended an audience with the Sultan and his wife, Queen Saleha.

The festivities will continue on Friday when southeast Asian leaders and Middle Eastern royalty attend a banquet to mark the jubilee. She later swapped her camouflage hat for a helmet right She and Edward looked more serious as they watched a military demonstration taking place Sophie looked to be in deep conversation as she met with soldiers at the military camp The Earl and Countess of Wessex later posed for a group photo with soldiers during the visit Earlier in the day, the royal couple visited Hornbill School which serves children of British service personnel.

Spent time in exile at the Frankish court.

Family[ edit ] Historians do not agree on Ecgberht’s ancestry. It continues back to Cerdic , founder of the House of Wessex. A fifteenth century chronicle now held by Oxford University names Ecgberht’s wife as Redburga who was supposedly a relative of Charlemagne that he married when he was banished to Francia , but this is dismissed by academic historians in view of its late date. She was married to Wulfstan, ealdorman of Wiltshire , and on his death in she became a nun, Abbess of Wilton Abbey.

Political context and early life[ edit ] Ecgberht’s name, spelled Ecgbriht, from the entry in the C manuscript of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle Offa of Mercia , who reigned from to , was the dominant force in Anglo-Saxon England in the second half of the eighth century. The relationship between Offa and Cynewulf , who was king of Wessex from to , is not well documented, but it seems likely that Cynewulf maintained some independence from Mercian overlordship.

Evidence of the relationship between kings can come from charters, which were documents which granted land to followers or to churchmen, and which were witnessed by the kings who had power to grant the land.

Environmental Impact 2018

Background[ edit ] Modern archaeologists use the term “Wessex culture” for a Middle Bronze Age culture in this area ca. A millennium before that, in the Late Neolithic , the ceremonial sites of Avebury and Stonehenge were completed on Salisbury Plain ; but the final phase of Stonehenge was erected in the Wessex culture phase, early in the Bronze Age. Although agriculture and hunting were pursued during this long period, there is little archaeological evidence of human settlements.

From the Neolithic onwards the chalk downland of Wessex was traversed by the Harrow Way , which can still be traced from Marazion in Cornwall to the coast of the English Channel near Dover, and was probably connected with the ancient tin trade. During the Roman occupation numerous country villas with attached farms were established across Wessex, along with the important towns of Dorchester and Winchester the ending -chester comes from Lat.

The Romans, or rather the Romano-British, built another major road that integrated Wessex, running eastwards from Exeter through Dorchester to Winchester and Silchester and on to London.

But these are topics for separate articles.

Neither source gives any detail about her or her brief reign. Wulfhere’s forces, however, were roundly defeated: The outcome is not mentioned, and the site of the battle is unidentified. Wulfhere died in the same year. And Centwine was son of Cynegils, Cynegils of Ceolwulf. He was succeeded by Centwine, son of King Cynegils, who died in the 8th year of his reign. In he defeated Ecgfrith , the Northumbrian king who had defeated Wulfhere in , and recovered Lindsey.

Florence of Worcester, in the miscellany preceding his Chronicle proper, associates a reorganization of the bishoprics in Mercian territories with the recovery of Lindsey. The result seems to have been that Dorchester-on-Thames, erstwhile seat of the bishop of the West Saxons, became the seat of one of Mercia’s bishops.

According to Eddius Stephanus, Bishop Wilfrid, who had been exiled by Ecgfrith, was in refused permission to stay in Wessex because Centwine was married to Ecgfrith’s sister-in-law.

Wessex Water told to solve whiff from sewage works which greets visitors to Bournemouth

The Lepe Country Park is on the cliff top above. At the back of the beach, and below the level of the cliff top, there are toilets, a cafe and a shop, useful facilities. The western part of the low, shore car park was not originally a beach but it was formerly the location where the Dark Water stream flowed out to sea. This stream now flows out just east of the Watch House and there is a road bridge accross it.

Caedwalla, who died as late as , was the last West Saxon king to possess a Celtic name.

Messenger Radiocarbon dating has transformed our understanding of the past 50, years. Professor Willard Libby produced the first radiocarbon dates in and was later awarded the Nobel Prize for his efforts. Radiocarbon dating works by comparing the three different isotopes of carbon. Isotopes of a particular element have the same number of protons in their nucleus, but different numbers of neutrons. This means that although they are very similar chemically, they have different masses.

The total mass of the isotope is indicated by the numerical superscript. While the lighter isotopes 12C and 13C are stable, the heaviest isotope 14C radiocarbon is radioactive. This means its nucleus is so large that it is unstable. Over time 14C decays to nitrogen 14N. Most 14C is produced in the upper atmosphere where neutrons, which are produced by cosmic rays , react with 14N atoms.

This CO2 is used in photosynthesis by plants, and from here is passed through the food chain see figure 1, below.

Ecgberht, King of Wessex

However, their beginnings are shrouded in mystery, seemingly formed out of two separate stories that were combined by later generations to make them look better. In very simple terms, the Gewissae a Saxon tribe descended from Gewis of Baeldaeg’s Folk , are claimed as having landed on the south coast where they began to carve out an area of settlement for themselves.

This was traditionally in AD , and this band of Saxons was led by Cerdic, whose mother and name were British. This straightforward version of events appears to be the result of a traditional form of story telling that covers a more interesting and intricate story. It’s rare to have a story of conquest that begins so long before the main participants in the story – the West Saxons – are brought into the story, the gap being between AD during which time Cerdic appears to be establishing his own power base.

Speaking shortly after the birth of Prince George, the countess revealed she was “ridiculously happy” for Kate and Prince William adding she had been smiling ever since the news broke.

The Countess of Wessex and Prince Edward celebrate their 15th wedding anniversary June 19, – Often described as “the Queen’s favourite”, Sophie has blossomed from a supporting player in the royal family into a stunning and popular principal. The Countess and Prince Edward are celebrating their 15th wedding anniversary The former public relations manager captured the world’s attention when she married Prince Edward at Windsor Castle in The glowing bride wore an elegant white hand-dyed silk organza dress, complementing her understated gown with a diamond tiara from the Queen’s private collection.

The wedding, which was watched by million people around the world, was attended by royalty from around the world, including Queen Anne-Marie of Greece and Prince Joachim of Denmark. The royal couple wed in Fifteen years later the countess’ royal role is more prominent than ever, with the stylish royal being praised for her commitment to public service, her support to the Queen and to her husband Prince Edward. Sophie has a close relationship with her mother-in-law the Queen. The two women share a passion for military history and a love of horses.

They are often spotted riding together at weekends in the magnificent grounds of Windsor Park. The Queen has been known to turn up unannounced at Edward and Sophie’s Surrey home for afternoon tea. The strong bond was made clear when the Queen visited Sophie in hospital shortly after Lady Louise’s birth in , breaking tradition.


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At Lepe it is the Zone f which has left a record West and Sparks,

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Colin Renfrew – Carbon dating pushed back the timeline (21/79)