Silks were originally reserved for the Emperors of China for their own use and gifts to others, but spread gradually through Chinese culture and trade both geographically and socially, and then to many regions of Asia. Because of its texture and lustre, silk rapidly became a popular luxury fabric in the many areas accessible to Chinese merchants. Silk was in great demand, and became a staple of pre- industrial international trade. In July , archaeologists discovered intricately woven and dyed silk textiles in a tomb in Jiangxi province, dated to the Eastern Zhou Dynasty roughly 2, years ago. There is a surviving calendar for silk production in an Eastern Han 25— AD document. The two other known works on silk from the Han period are lost. This trade was so extensive that the major set of trade routes between Europe and Asia came to be known as the Silk Road. The Emperors of China strove to keep knowledge of sericulture secret to maintain the Chinese monopoly.
IDP News Issue No. 49/50
A tale of elegant, feminine domination inspired by the statuesque and delectable 6ftbrunette Jillian was one of those rare specimens of human females. She was 6 foot tall in her bare feet, a simmering siren, whose subsonic song would intently vibrate out from her towering, silken presence to any male or female who gave her the right glance in the right moment.
Jillian could go from a silent, sleek panther in the shadows, to a pouncing wildcat in a flash with the right provocation. And as her fourth decade began, she suddenly discovered the ferocious hunger to do just that, and so much more. New feverish needs rose up like a hidden tidal pool, now surfacing from the depths of her libido, as each dared door was opened, then unflinchingly unhinged. Her appetite for naked mating not only rose in fever pitch, but broadened more and more to include a balance of both sexes, but with a flavorful twist, a new utterly insatiable itch.
But even after the establishment of the present sea level around years ago, the coastal geography experienced significant alterations.
Download this Issue as a PDF 1. In July , Dr. In this double issue of IDP News, we show some of the results of her research and success in starting to make many more artefacts from North American collections available through IDP. Sincere thanks are due to Program Director Helena Kolenda for her robust enthusiasm for the project and to the Luce Foundation for the grant that made this possible. Through dedicated outreach, the project has yielded more than 1, objects from over 30 institutions.
The first year of the project came to a successful close with her lecture ‘Highlights of the Georgetown-IDP Project ‘ to a packed audience at the Sackler Gallery on May The project has been based in the Department of Art and Art History at Georgetown, which has contributed office space, administrative support, and access to library resources.
We are grateful to department chair Al Acres, department administrator Darlene Jones, department coordinator Maggie Ayres, and colleague B. Muhn for their unwavering support, assistance, and interest in the project. Ding Ye, Asian Studies librarian in Lauinger Library, has been instrumental in tracking down specialized research materials pertaining to the material culture of the Silk Road.
Former Art and Art History librarian Anna Simon was particularly helpful in publicizing and supporting the project in its early stages. Moving forward, plans are currently underway for a series of on-site workshops in museums and libraries that will provide opportunities for hands-on engagement with a selection of these artefacts. They re ect not only the cultural heritage of the premodern Silk Road in a diverse range of media but also its modern discovery and the twentieth century taste for collecting Central Asian antiquities.
Inheritance[ edit ] Inheritance is a key feature in CSS; it relies on the ancestor-descendant relationship to operate. Inheritance is the mechanism by which properties are applied not only to a specified element, but also to its descendants. Descendant elements may inherit CSS property values from any ancestor element enclosing them. In general, descendant elements inherit text-related properties, but box-related properties are not inherited. Properties that can be inherited are color, font, letter-spacing, line-height, list-style, text-align, text-indent, text-transform, visibility, white-space and word-spacing.
However, it is not possible to define a CSS class B like that, which could then be used to style multiple elements without having to repeat the modifications.
Han period bamboo woodslip found near Dunhuang, Dunhuang Museum. Silk, which was traded with the West from the later part of the Zhou period ca. Traders brought exquisite Chinese ceramics to Iraq in the ninth century, when it was ruled by the Abbasid dynasty , and Islamic underglaze-painted wares as well as Iranian cobalt were taken to China, where they inspired the development of that quintessentially Chinese ceramic technique of blue-and-white porcelain [Carswell ].
Perhaps the most important product carried along this trade network, however, was paper, a now-ubiquitous material which has had a far greater impact on the course of human civilization than silk, jade or glass ever had. Paper, which is a mat of cellulose fibers that have been beaten in water and collected on a screen and dried, was invented in southeastern China in the centuries before Christ [Tsien ; Bloom ]. Originally used as a wrapping material, paper began to be used as a writing material around the time of Christ, when it was discovered that this relatively inexpensive, strong and flexible material provided an ideal replacement for the narrow bamboo strips or tablets that had been used for writing [Figs.
Although the Chinese initially made paper from refuse fibers, they soon found that they could also make it from the inner bark of several woody shrubs, such as bamboo, paper-mulberry, and rattan that grew well in moist and humid southeastern China, and from then on waste fibers were not normally used in China for papermaking. See Silk Road Exhibition online at http: The arid Central Asian climate was quite different from that of subtropical southeastern China, and papermakers were forced to find different materials with which to make their product.
It seems likely that Central Asian papermakers were the first to discover or rediscover that waste from textiles that were themselves made from plant fibers, including linen and cotton but excluding wool and silk which were animal fibers impossible to use in papermaking , could also make good paper [Hoernle ]. Indeed, it was often easier to make paper from previously processed fibers because the fibers required less beating.
It is likely that at a relatively early date Buddist travelers also brought paper and knowledge of papermaking to India, but unlike elsewhere, papermaking did not take hold in India for another millennium [Soteriou ].
Cascading Style Sheets
Tweet Intro There’s something inexplicably erotic and sensual about the feeling of satin and silk on your skin. For some, it might provide you with a level of arousal that no other piece of clothing can give you. If you agree with that statement, you’ll want to have a look at Satin Silk Fun where sexy women wear a variety of colorful nightgowns and lingerie while posing in different ways, teasing and enticing you every step of the way.
Expect to see several cute babes, ranging from slim to curvy, wearing incredibly sexy outfits, sitting on satiny sheets and rubbing it all over their body as they moan and tease you. Even if you’re not specifically interested in the fetish, I have a hard time believing you wouldn’t find this content super enjoyable and hot.
Sheet samples in the Martindale abrasion and pilling tester.
My first experience of it was when I was sent the Bourjois Rice Powder, and instantly I fell in love with it. I apply it at the end of my make up routine, to mattify and set my liquid foundation, as well as to blend my blusher, and sweep away any eyeshadow that may have fallen. I have since repurchased the Bourjois powder many times. However last year I was given some new loose powder from Corn Silk, so I used it as a great opportunity to compare the two.
I’ve used both for a long time now, hence they’re looking rather well loved! Best time to review though surely, rather than on first glance! This means the Corn Silk powder is less than half the price. This means I only have a few holes open, and have to shake it rather violently to get product out. The Bourjois lets you close the holes which means you can transport it without it all falling out when you open it later. I use the Corn Silk if I’m just working from home cheap and cheerful and Bourjois if I’m actually going out to see someone.
The Bourjois gives me more joy to apply! I will use the Corn Silk powder until it runs out, but I wouldn’t buy it. I prefer the Bourjois powder, despite it being much more expensive, for the cute packaging, the yummy smell and the slight sparkle I feel when I use it. However I’d happily recommend the Corn Silk for someone on a budget, or just wanting to try out using a loose powder.
Ever since early history, humans have developed a special bond with dogs. As pack animals, dogs have an inherent sense of loyalty to their pack and have a need for companionship, love, security, and friendship. As humans, we share many of these same needs. Over the years, this has led to dogs cementing their place right by our sides, as man’s best friend.
While we as humans view our dogs as our friends, they view us as members of their pack.
The only significant difference between the paper you print on from your computer and the Chinese paper is the ‘filler’ we now use to make the paper really smooth.
The Hou Hanshu states: They resemble the people of the Middle Kingdom and that is why this kingdom is called Da Qin. They say they originally came from China, but left it. Graf , pp. For the most part, such mythological elements are so strikingly evident that they represent only a minimal problem. According to the Hou-Han shu, the Roman Empire was so named precisely because its people and civilization were comparable to those of China.
The Top 12 Most Loyal (and Brave) Dog Breeds
Why you should trust us Six of the sheets we tested in our review. We also spoke with Mark Bagby, a representative for Calcot , a cotton-marketing organization, for more understanding of the difference between various cotton strains. To find the most promising sheets for testing, we originally pored over reviews in Consumer Reports although they no longer review sheets and on Sleep Like The Dead.
We looked at reader comments on this piece to find well-liked brands we missed, and to determine what people really love and hate about sheet sets. This guide builds on research done by Melissa Tan and Alex Arpaia, who worked on previous updates.
Sogdian Ancient Letter No.
Almost creamy in texture, the fabric felt notably cooler against my skin than Egyptian cotton – bamboo being naturally three degrees lower in temperature – meaning I woke up the next morning a lot less clammy than usual. It’s no surprise, therefore, that bamboo bed linen has been popular in hot, humid countries for some time now. Another reason it is gaining fast popularity elsewhere in the world now, in part, is because it appeals to eco-conscious consumers.
Bamboo is naturally hypoallergenic and has antibacterial, anti-fungal, and deodorising properties, meaning they stay fresh for longer. After several washes, the satin feel gave way to more of a brushed cotton texture, but have remained significantly softer than standard cotton. Ettitude – which also incorporates charcoal into the fabric to absorb odour – claims its thread count sheets are equivalent to count cotton, and I have to say I agree.
These were, and have remained, super soft, but felt less silky and more breathable than the others I tested. Probably for that reason, I really noticed how much cooler I felt sleeping in them. Better than holding up after repeated washing, they actually appear to be getting softer each time. Only available in white. Wash after wash, they retained an almost creamy satin consistency. While the cotton production industry is labour intensive and involves a lot of fresh water, the fibre yield per-acre from bamboo is up to ten times higher, requiring up to 20 times less water.
Another string to its bow?
Silk Road or Paper Road?
Keith Ray surveys the four great Chinese inventions that have changed the World. Over thousands of years China has produced a great stream of inventions, ranging from the mundane chopstick and wheelbarrow, to sophisticated earthquake detectors and the advanced concept of bank notes. But in China there are four inventions traditionally referred to as the Four Great Inventions. These are paper, gunpowder, the compass and printing.
Arabic Papyri of the 7th to 11th Centuries.